Present Simple

When do we use the present simple?

We use the present simple to talk about habits, repeated actions/events, general truths and future timetables.


He eats oatmeal with fruit for breakfast.
She brushes her teeth in the morning.

Repeated actions or events

They go jogging twice a week.
She goes to Monaco every summer.

General truths

Water freezes at zero degrees.
The Earth revolves around the Sun.

Future timetables

The train leaves at 17:00.
What time does the film start?

How do we form the present simple? 


3rd Person Singular

  • In the third person singular the verb always ends in -s: he wants, she needs, he gives
  • Negative and question forms use DOES:  Does he want strawberries? No, he doesn’t.
  • Verbs ending in -y : the third person changes the -y to -ies: fly –> flies, cry –> cries
    Exception: if there is a vowel before the –y: play –> plays, pray –> prays
  • Add -es to verbs ending in:-ss, -x, -sh, -ch: he passes, she catches, he fixes, it pushes

© 2024 All Rights Reserved.